The global challenge

Creating and maintaining the conditions under which people and other life forms can live sustainably is the greatest challenge facing society today. The founders of CCI attach great importance to the intrinsic value of biological diversity – the genes, species and ecosystems that make up life on Earth. Based on a wealth of evidence, CCI also recognises that conserving biodiversity is central to sustainable economic development (especially food and energy production), vital for improving human health, wellbeing and prosperity, and essential for living with increasingly rapid environmental change, especially global warming.

Environmental awareness has never been greater, conservation science is at its most advanced and the policies, practices and organisations created to conserve biodiversity have never been more numerous and effective, yet biodiversity loss is more rapid and more widespread than at any other time in human history. Addressing this unprecedented loss requires  innovative approaches to biodiversity conservation which, together with existing conservation efforts, must transform how the world manages and sustains the natural resources upon which humanity depends. In recognition of the global importance of biodiversity, the world’s nations have come together under the Convention on Biological Diversity to implement a strategic plan aiming to "take effective and urgent action to halt the loss of biodiversity in order to ensure that by 2020 ecosystems are resilient and continue to provide essential services, thereby securing the planet's variety of life, and contributing to human well-being, and poverty eradication”.

To deliver this strategy, parties to the Convention have agreed a set of goals with targets (the so called Aichi Targets) to be met by 2020. Delivering these targets will require concerted efforts across all sectors of society and CCI intends to make a significant contribution to achieving the Aichi Targets.