Trees in farmland provide valuable ecosystem services that enhance agricultural productivity and income, as well as supporting biodiversity such as birds.
Agriculture for crops and livestock occupies around 40% of terrestrial land area, is responsible for around a quarter of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and is the primary driver of g
Eco-certification of crops such as coffee, oil palm and soybeans is changing the way these crops are grown across large parts of the tropics.
Agricultural land occupies around 38% of the planet’s land surface and the spread and intensification of agriculture are recognised as two of the most important global threats to wildlife.
Understanding the social and economic factors driving land use change in sub‐Saharan West African wintering areas