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Conservation Research Institute



Lynn Dicks is a conservation scientist and entomologist. Her research focuses on how to support functionally important animal groups such as pollinators and natural enemies, in conventional, intensive farming systems. Lynn has biology degree from the University of Oxford and a PhD in insect community ecology from the University of Cambridge. She has been funded by the Natural Environment Research Council as an Independent Research Fellow since 2011. She currently runs field projects on fruit farms in the UK and in semi-arid Brazil (, and works hard to promote effective use of scientific evidence in policy. Lynn was a Co-ordinating Lead Author of the Intergovernmental Science policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) Thematic assessment of pollinators, pollination and food production. She is a member of Defra’s Pollinators Advisory Steering Group, leads on biodiversity for the Cool Farm Alliance ( and is a core team member for the Conservation Evidence project (


Wild pollinator conservation

Wild pollinators are important to crop production and wild plant reproduction, and most of this pollination service is carried out by a relatively small number of common, widespread bee species. To preserve this ecological function, and optimise it for agriculture, we need landscapes that support common wild pollinators in the long term, by providing the food and nesting resources they need at the appropriate scale.

We use a combination of laboratory experiments, field ecology, genetics and remote sensing to understand how wild bees use landscapes and respond to land management. We have current projects with the Bumblebee Conservation Trust, Earlham Institute, Berry World, Hutchinson's Ltd, Greencell Ltd and the Centre for Pollination Studies in Calcutta, India. We also work on pollinator conservation from policy and agronomic perspectives. What actions are cost-effective and feasible, to support and conserve common and declining wild pollinators? How do these actions fit within a program of ecological intensification, to enhance or maintain intensive production within a thriving agricultural ecosystem? How can growers using managed pollinators minimise impacts on wild pollinator populations?

Farm management for biodiversity

I work on how farmers can benefit from ecosystem services and reduce impacts on wildlife in realistic commercial contexts. I lead a Newton-funded project on sustainable fruit faming in northeast Brazil, measuring biodiversity and ecosystem service responses to farm management ( Members of my team have projects focused on managing landscapes for wild pollinators in UK arable and soft fruit farms.

Evidence-based conservation

I have developed methods to compile and synthesize ecological evidence and make it useful for decision-making. I am a member of the Conservation Evidence core team and chair the Methods Expert Group for the Eklipse science-policy mechanism on biodiversity and ecosystem services. I use rigorous approaches to gather expert judgement, for rapid, transparent assessment of evidence, and build user-friendly models to support farm management decisions (see for example, the Cool Farm Biodiversity Tool). I work with organisations that manage the environment, in Government, the charitable sector and the food and farming industry.


Key publications: 

Cole, L. J., Kleijn, D., Dicks, L. V., Stout, J. C., Potts, S. G., Albrecht, M., ... Scheper, J. (2020). A critical analysis of the potential for EU Common Agricultural Policy measures to support wild pollinators on farmland. Journal of Applied Ecology.  doi:10.1111/1365-2664.13572

Dicks, L. V., Rose, D. C., Ang, F., Aston, S., Birch, A. N. E., Boatman, N., . . . Sutherland, W. J. (2019). What agricultural practices are most likely to deliver “sustainable intensification” in the UK?. Food and Energy Security, 8(1). doi:10.1002/fes3.148

Shackelford, G. E., Kelsey, R., Sutherland, W. J., Kennedy, C. M., Wood, S. A., Gennet, S., . . . Dicks, L. V. (2019). Evidence Synthesis as the Basis for Decision Analysis: A Method of Selecting the Best Agricultural Practices for Multiple Ecosystem Services. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 3. doi:10.3389/fsufs.2019.00083

Ratto, F., Simmons, B. I., Spake, R., Zamora-Gutierrez, V., MacDonald, M. A., Merriman, J. C., . . . Dicks, L. V. (2018). Global importance of vertebrate pollinators for plant reproductive success: a meta-analysis. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment16(2), 82-90. doi:10.1002/fee.1763

Dicks, L. V., Viana, B., Bommarco, R., Brosi, B., Arizmendi, M. D. C., Cunningham, S. A., . . . Potts, S. G. (2016). Ten policies for pollinators.. Science, 354(6315), 975-976. doi:10.1126/science.aai9226

Dicks, L. V., Wright, H. L., Ashpole, J. E., Hutchison, J., McCormack, C. G., Livoreil, B., . . . Sutherland, W. J. (2016). What works in conservation? Using expert assessment of summarised evidence to identify practices that enhance natural pest control in agriculture. Biodiversity and Conservation, 25(7), 1383-1399. doi:10.1007/s10531-016-1133-7

Rose, D. C., Sutherland, W. J., Parker, C., Lobley, M., Winter, M., Morris, C., . . . Dicks, L. V. (2016). Decision support tools for agriculture: Towards effective design and delivery. Agricultural Systems, 149, 165-174. doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2016.09.009

Dicks, L. V., Baude, M., Roberts, S. P. M., Phillips, J., Green, M., & Carvell, C. (2015). How much flower-rich habitat is enough for wild pollinators? Answering a key policy question with incomplete knowledge. Ecological Entomology, 40(S1), 22-35. doi:10.1111/een.12226

Dicks, L. V., Hodge, I., Randall, N. P., Scharlemann, J. P. W., Siriwardena, G. M., Smith, H. G., . . . Sutherland, W. J. (2014). A Transparent Process for "Evidence-Informed" Policy Making. Conservation Letters, 7(2), 119-125. doi:10.1111/conl.12046

Dicks, L. V., Walsh, J. C., & Sutherland, W. J. (2014). Organising evidence for environmental management decisions: a '4S' hierarchy.. Trends Ecol Evol, 29(11), 607-613. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2014.09.004

Dicks, L. V., Corbet, S. A., & Pywell, R. F. (2002). Compartmentalization in plant-insect flower visitor webs. J Animal Ecology, 71(1), 32-43.


Other publications: 



Egan, P., Dicks, L. V., Hokkanen, H., & Stenberg, J. (in press). Delivering integrated pest and pollinator management. Trends in Plant Science.

Sutherland, W. J., Dias, M. P., Dicks, L. V., Doran, H., Entwistle, A. C., Fleishman, E., . . . Thornton, A. (2020). A Horizon Scan of Emerging Global Biological Conservation Issues for 2020.. Trends Ecol Evol, 35(1), 81-90. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2019.10.010



Bartomeus, I., & Dicks, L. V. (2019). The need for coordinated transdisciplinary research infrastructures for pollinator conservation and crop pollination resilience. Environmental Research Letters, 14(4). doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab0cb5

Garibaldi, L. A., Pérez-Méndez, N., Garratt, M. P. D., Gemmill-Herren, B., Miguez, F. E., & Dicks, L. V. (2019). Policies for Ecological Intensification of Crop Production.. Trends Ecol Evol, 34(4), 282-286. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2019.01.003

Hill, R., Nates-Parra, G., Quezada-Euán, J. J. G., Buchori, D., LeBuhn, G., Maués, M. M., . . . Roué, M. (2019). Biocultural approaches to pollinator conservation. Nature Sustainability, 2(3), 214-222. doi:10.1038/s41893-019-0244-z

Peel, N., Dicks, L. V., Clark, M. D., Heavens, D., Percival-Alwyn, L., Cooper, C., . . . Yu, D. W. (2019). Semi-quantitative characterisation of mixed pollen samples using MinION sequencing and Reverse Metagenomics (RevMet). Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 10(10), 1690-1701. doi:10.1111/2041-210X.13265

Rose, D. C., Sutherland, W. J., Barnes, A. P., Borthwick, F., Ffoulkes, C., Hall, C., . . . Dicks, L. V. (2019). Integrated farm management for sustainable agriculture: Lessons for knowledge exchange and policy. Land Use Policy, 81, 834-842. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.11.001

Rusere, F., Crespo, O., Dicks, L., Mkuhlani, S., Francis, J., & Zhou, L. (2019). Enabling acceptance and use of ecological intensification options through engaging smallholder farmers in semi-arid rural Limpopo and Eastern Cape, South Africa. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems. doi:10.1080/21683565.2019.1638336

Rusere, F., Mkuhlani, S., Crespo, O., & Dicks, L. V. (2019). Developing pathways to improve smallholder agricultural productivity through ecological intensification technologies in semi-arid Limpopo, South Africa. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 11(5), 543-553. doi:10.1080/20421338.2018.1550936

Shackelford, G. E., Kelsey, R., & Dicks, L. V. (2019). Effects of cover crops on multiple ecosystem services: Ten meta-analyses of data from arable farmland in California and the Mediterranean. Land Use Policy, 88. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104204

Simmons, B. I., Balmford, A., Bladon, A. J., Christie, A. P., De Palma, A., Dicks, L. V., . . . Finch, T. (2019). Worldwide insect declines: An important message, but interpret with caution.. Ecol Evol, 9(7), 3678-3680. doi:10.1002/ece3.5153

Simmons, B. I., Cirtwill, A. R., Baker, N. J., Wauchope, H. S., Dicks, L. V., Stouffer, D. B., & Sutherland, W. J. (2019). Motifs in bipartite ecological networks: uncovering indirect interactions. Oikos, 128(2), 154-170. doi:10.1111/oik.05670

Simmons, B. I., Sweering, M. J. M., Schillinger, M., Dicks, L. V., Sutherland, W. J., & Di Clemente, R. (2019). bmotif: A package for motif analyses of bipartite networks. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 10(5), 695-701. doi:10.1111/2041-210X.13149

Simmons, B. I., Vizentin-Bugoni, J., Maruyama, P. K., Cotton, P. A., Marín-Gómez, O. H., Lara, C., . . . Sutherland, W. J. (2019). Abundance drives broad patterns of generalisation in plant–hummingbird pollination networks. Oikos, 128(9), 1287-1295. doi:10.1111/oik.06104

Sutherland, W. J., Broad, S., Butchart, S. H. M., Clarke, S. J., Collins, A. M., Dicks, L. V., . . . Ockendon, N. (2019). A Horizon Scan of Emerging Issues for Global Conservation in 2019.. Trends Ecol Evol, 34(1), 83-94. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2018.11.001

Sutherland, W. J., Taylor, N. G., MacFarlane, D., Amano, T., Christie, A. P., Dicks, L. V., . . . Wordley, C. F. R. (2019). Building a tool to overcome barriers in research-implementation spaces: The conservation evidence database. Biological Conservation, 238. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2019.108199

Watt, A., Ainsworth, G., Balian, E., Cojocaru, G., Darbi, M., Dicks, L., . . . Young, J. (2019). Eklipse: Engaging knowledge holders and networks for evidence-informed European policy on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Evidence and Policy, 15(2), 253-264. doi:10.1332/174426418X15314036194114

Walsh, J. C., Dicks, L. V., Raymond, C. M., & Sutherland, W. J. (2019). A typology of barriers and enablers of scientific evidence use in conservation practice.. J Environ Manage, 250, 109481. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109481



Haddaway, N. R., & Dicks, L. V. (2018). Over-simplifying evidence synthesis? A response toCook et al., 2017. Biological Conservation, 218, 289-290. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2017.11.003

Iacona, G. D., Sutherland, W. J., Mappin, B., Adams, V. M., Armsworth, P. R., Coleshaw, T., . . . Possingham, H. P. (2018). Standardized reporting of the costs of management interventions for biodiversity conservation.. Conserv Biol, 32(5), 979-988. doi:10.1111/cobi.13195

Ottoy, S., Angileri, V., Gibert, C., Paracchini, M. L., Pointereau, P., Terres, J. M., . . . Dicks, L. V. (2018). Impacts of selected Ecological Focus Area options in European farmed landscapes on climate regulation and pollination services: A systematic map protocol. Environmental Evidence, 7(1). doi:10.1186/s13750-018-0122-6

Pretty, J., Benton, T. G., Bharucha, Z. P., Dicks, L. V., Flora, C. B., Godfray, H. C. J., . . . Wratten, S. (2018). Global assessment of agricultural system redesign for sustainable intensification. Nature Sustainability, 1(8), 441-446. doi:10.1038/s41893-018-0114-0

Rose, D. C., Morris, C., Lobley, M., Winter, M., Sutherland, W. J., & Dicks, L. V. (2018). Exploring the spatialities of technological and user re-scripting: The case of decision support tools in UK agriculture. Geoforum, 89, 11-18. doi:10.1016/j.geoforum.2017.12.006

Rose, D. C., Parker, C., Fodey, J., Park, C., Sutherland, W. J., & Dicks, L. V. (2018). Involving stakeholders in agricultural decision support systems: Improving user-centred design. International Journal of Agricultural Management, 6(3-4), 80-89. doi:10.5836/ijam/2017-06-80

Simmons, B. I., Sutherland, W. J., Dicks, L. V., Albrecht, J., Farwig, N., García, D., . . . González-Varo, J. P. (2018). Moving from frugivory to seed dispersal: Incorporating the functional outcomes of interactions in plant-frugivore networks.. J Anim Ecol, 87(4), 995-1007. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12831

Sutherland, W. J., Dicks, L. V., Everard, M., & Geneletti, D. (2018). Qualitative methods for ecologists and conservation scientists. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 9(1), 7-9. doi:10.1111/2041-210X.12956

Wordley, C., Petrovan, S., Smith, R., Dicks, L., Ockendon, N., & Sutherland, W. (2018). Uplisting a threatened small mammal: the Nimba otter-shrew of West Africa. ORYX, 52(4), 609-610. doi:10.1017/S0030605318000765

Sutherland, W. J., Butchart, S. H. M., Connor, B., Culshaw, C., Dicks, L. V., Dinsdale, J., . . . Gleave, R. A. (2018). A 2018 Horizon Scan of Emerging Issues for Global Conservation and Biological Diversity.. Trends Ecol Evol, 33(1), 47-58. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2017.11.006



Kovács-Hostyánszki, A., Espíndola, A., Vanbergen, A. J., Settele, J., Kremen, C., & Dicks, L. V. (2017). Ecological intensification to mitigate impacts of conventional intensive land use on pollinators and pollination.. Ecol Lett, 20(5), 673-689. doi:10.1111/ele.12762

Smith, B. M., Basu, P. C., Chatterjee, A., Chatterjee, S., Dey, U. K., Dicks, L. V., . . . Basu, P. (2017). Collating and validating indigenous and local knowledge to apply multiple knowledge systems to an environmental challenge: A case-study of pollinators in India. Biological Conservation, 211, 20-28. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2017.04.032

Sutherland, W. J., Barnard, P., Broad, S., Clout, M., Connor, B., Côté, I. M., . . . Ockendon, N. (2017). A 2017 Horizon Scan of Emerging Issues for Global Conservation and Biological Diversity.. Trends Ecol Evol, 32(1), 31-40. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2016.11.005


Brown, M. J. F., Dicks, L. V., Paxton, R. J., Baldock, K. C. R., Barron, A. B., Chauzat, M. -P., . . . Stout, J. C. (2016). A horizon scan of future threats and opportunities for pollinators and pollination.. PeerJ, 4, e2249. doi:10.7717/peerj.2249

Key, G., Whitfield, M. G., Cooper, J., De Vries, F. T., Collison, M., Dedousis, T., . . . Bardgett, R. D. (2016). Knowledge needs, available practices, and future challenges in agricultural soils. SOIL, 2(4), 511-521. doi:10.5194/soil-2-511-2016

Mukherjee, N., Dicks, L. V., Shackelford, G. E., Vira, B., & Sutherland, W. J. (2016). Comparing groups versus individuals in decision making: A systematic review protocol. Environmental Evidence, 5(1). doi:10.1186/s13750-016-0066-7

Phalan, B., Green, R. E., Dicks, L. V., Dotta, G., Feniuk, C., Lamb, A., . . . Balmford, A. (2016). CONSERVATION ECOLOGY. How can higher-yield farming help to spare nature?. Science, 351(6272), 450-451. doi:10.1126/science.aad0055

Potts, S. G., Imperatriz-Fonseca, V., Ngo, H. T., Aizen, M. A., Biesmeijer, J. C., Breeze, T. D., . . . Vanbergen, A. J. (2016). Safeguarding pollinators and their values to human well-being.. Nature, 540(7632), 220-229. doi:10.1038/nature20588

QUINTESSENCE Consortium. (2016). Networking Our Way to Better Ecosystem Service Provision.. Trends Ecol Evol, 31(2), 105-115. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2015.12.003

Santangeli, A., Arroyo, B., Dicks, L. V., Herzon, I., Kukkala, A. S., Sutherland, W. J., & Moilanen, A. (2016). Voluntary non-monetary approaches for implementing conservation. Biological Conservation, 197, 209-214. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2016.03.013

Summary for policymakers of the thematic assessment on pollinators, pollination and food production (2016). Biota Neotropica, 16(1). doi:10.1590/1676-0611201600010001

Sutherland, W. J., Broad, S., Caine, J., Clout, M., Dicks, L. V., Doran, H., . . . Wright, K. E. (2016). A Horizon Scan of Global Conservation Issues for 2016.. Trends Ecol Evol, 31(1), 44-53. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2015.11.007


Batáry, P., Dicks, L. V., Kleijn, D., & Sutherland, W. J. (2015). The role of agri-environment schemes in conservation and environmental management.. Conserv Biol, 29(4), 1006-1016. doi:10.1111/cobi.12536

Carvalheiro, L. G., Biesmeijer, J. C., Benadi, G., Fründ, J., Stang, M., Bartomeus, I., . . . Kunin, W. E. (2014). The potential for indirect effects between co-flowering plants via shared pollinators depends on resource abundance, accessibility and relatedness. Ecology Letters, 17(11), 1389-1399. doi:10.1111/ele.12342

Gill, R. J., Baldock, K. C. R., Brown, M. J. F., Cresswell, J. E., Dicks, L. V., Fountain, M. T., . . . Potts, S. G. (2016). Protecting an Ecosystem Service: Approaches to Understanding and Mitigating Threats to Wild Insect Pollinators. Unknown Journal, 54, 135-206. doi:10.1016/bs.aecr.2015.10.007

Sutcliffe, L. M. E., Batáry, P., Kormann, U., Báldi, A., Dicks, L. V., Herzon, I., . . . Tscharntke, T. (2015). Harnessing the biodiversity value of Central and Eastern European farmland. Diversity and Distributions, 21(6), 722-730. doi:10.1111/ddi.12288

Sutherland, W. J., Clout, M., Depledge, M., Dicks, L. V., Dinsdale, J., Entwistle, A. C., . . . Wintle, B. C. (2015). A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2015. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 30(1), 17-24. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2014.11.002

Walsh, J. C., Dicks, L. V., & Sutherland, W. J. (2015). The effect of scientific evidence on conservation practitioners' management decisions. Conservation Biology, 29(1), 88-98. doi:10.1111/cobi.12370


Moilanen, A., Laitila, J., Vaahtoranta, T., Dicks, L. V., & Sutherland, W. J. (2014). Structured analysis of conservation strategies applied to temporary conservation. Biological Conservation, 170, 188-197. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2014.01.001

Mukherjee, N., Sutherland, W. J., Dicks, L., Hugé, J., Koedam, N., & Dahdouh-Guebas, F. (2014). Ecosystem service valuations of mangrove ecosystems to inform decision making and future valuation exercises.. PLoS One, 9(9), e107706. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0107706

Jones, A. C., Mead, A., Kaiser, M. J., Austen, M. C. V., Adrian, A. W., Auchterlonie, N. A., . . . Sutherland, W. J. (2015). Prioritization of knowledge needs for sustainable aquaculture: A national and global perspective. Fish and Fisheries, 16(4), 668-683. doi:10.1111/faf.12086

Pe'er, G., Dicks, L. V., Visconti, P., Arlettaz, R., Báldi, A., Benton, T. G., . . . Scott, A. V. (2014). Agriculture policy. EU agricultural reform fails on biodiversity.. Science, 344(6188), 1090-1092. doi:10.1126/science.1253425

Smith, R. K., Dicks, L. V., Mitchell, R., & Sutherland, W. J. (2014). Comparative effectiveness research: The missing link in conservation. Conservation Evidence, 11, 2-6.

Sutherland, W. J., Aveling, R., Brooks, T. M., Clout, M., Dicks, L. V., Fellman, L., . . . Watkinson, A. R. (2014). A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2014.. Trends Ecol Evol, 29(1), 15-22. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2013.11.004

Sutherland, W. J., Gardner, T., Bogich, T. L., Bradbury, R. B., Clothier, B., Jonsson, M., . . . Dicks, L. V. (2014). Solution scanning as a key policy tool: Identifying management interventions to help maintain and enhance regulating ecosystem services. Ecology and Society, 19(2). doi:10.5751/ES-06082-190203

Sutherland, W. J., Gardner, T. A., Haider, L. J., & Dicks, L. V. (2014). How can local and traditional knowledge be effectively incorporated into international assessments?. ORYX, 48(1), 1-2. doi:10.1017/S0030605313001543

Sutherland, W. J., Smith, R. K., Mitchell, R., & Dicks, L. (2014). Introduction of short communications in the conservation evidence journal. Conservation Evidence, 11, 1.


Dicks, L. (2013). Bees, lies and evidence-based policy.. Nature, 494(7437), 283. doi:10.1038/494283a

Dicks, L. V., Bardgett, R. D., Bell, J., Benton, T. G., Booth, A., Bouwman, J., . . . Sutherland, W. J. (2013). What do we need to know to enhance the environmental sustainability of agricultural production? A prioritisation of knowledge needs for the UK food system. Sustainability (Switzerland), 5(7), 3095-3115. doi:10.3390/su5073095

Dicks, L. V., Abrahams, A., Atkinson, J., Biesmeijer, J., Bourn, N., Brown, C., . . . Sutherland, W. J. (2013). Identifying key knowledge needs for evidence-based conservation of wild insect pollinators: A collaborative cross-sectoral exercise. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 6(3), 435-446. doi:10.1111/j.1752-4598.2012.00221.x

Sutherland, W. J., Gardner, T. A., Haider, L., & Dicks, L. V. (2013). How can local and traditional knowledge be effectively incorporated into international assessments?. Oryx, 1-2.

Sutherland, W. J., Mitchell, R., Walsh, J., Amano, T., Ausden, M., Beebee, T. J. C., . . . Dicks, L. V. (2013). Conservation practice could benefit from routine testing and publication of management outcomes. Conservation Evidence, 10, 1-3.

Sutherland, W. J., Bardsley, S., Clout, M., Depledge, M. H., Dicks, L. V., Fellman, L., . . . Watkinson, A. R. (2013). A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2013. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 28(1), 16-22. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2012.10.022

Wright, H., & Dicks, L. (2013). Calling all foodies. Planet Earth, (SPRING), 22-23.


Dicks, L. V., Abrahams, A., Atkinson, J., Biesmeijer, J., Bourn, N., Brown, C., . . . Sutherland, W. J. (2012). Identifying key knowledge needs for evidence-based conservation of wild insect pollinators: A collaborative cross-sectoral exercise. Insect Conservation and Diversity.

Sutherland, W. J., Aveling, R., Bennun, L., Chapman, E., Clout, M., Côté, I. M., . . . Fellman, L. (2012). A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2012.. Trends Ecol Evol, 27(1), 12-18. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2011.10.011


Sutherland, W. J., Bardsley, S., Bennun, L., Clout, M., Côté, I. M., Depledge, M. H., . . . Watkinson, A. R. (2011). Horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2011.. Trends Ecol Evol, 26(1), 10-16. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2010.11.002

Sutherland, W. J., Goulson, D., Potts, S. G., & Dicks, L. V. (2011). Quantifying the impact and relevance of scientific research.. PLoS One, 6(11), e27537. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0027537

2010 and older

Comba, L., Corbet, S. A., Hunt, L., & Warren, B. (1999). Flowers, nectar and insect visits: Evaluating British plant species for pollinator-friendly gardens. Annals of Botany, 83(4), 369-383. doi:10.1006/anbo.1998.0835

Pywell, R. F., Warman, E. A., Carvell, C., Sparks, T. H., Dicks, L. V., Bennett, D., . . . Sherwood, A. (2005). Providing foraging resources for bumblebees in intensively farmed landscapes. Biological Conservation, 121(4), 479-494. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2004.05.020

Thompson, H. M., & Hunt, L. V. (1999). Extrapolating from honeybees to bumblebees in pesticide risk assessment. Ecotoxicology, 8(3), 147-166. doi:10.1023/A:1026444029579


Some examples of popular science articles

Dicks, L. (2007). My family and other plants. New Scientist, 196(2635-2636), 64-65. doi:10.1016/S0262-4079(07)63224-2

Dicks, L. (2006). An environment for career success. New Scientist, 190(2554), 58-59.

Dicks, L. (2005). The original rebels. New Scientist, 185(2489), 39-42.

Dicks, L. (2003). Worm brings death to coral. New Scientist, 178(2390), 16.

Dicks, L. (2002). Like father like husband. New Scientist, 173(2328), 26-29.